Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) is an approach based on insights from attachment theory and focuses on how personal inter-relational patterns regulate our emotions and interactions with others (Metcalf, 2011). Understanding the preconceived notions one holds in relation to others can illuminate why repetitive relationship patterns keep occurring. The EFT therapist acts as a consultant whose creates a collaborate alliance with couples in order to create a secure relationships (Metcalf, 2011).
According to Metcalf, (2011) Symbolic Experimental Family Therapy “Focuses on here-and-now experiences, playfulness, humor, intuition, craziness, spontaneity, and personal growth. It is a pragmatic, atheoretical method for treating families. Incorporates growth of the therapist and clients as the ultimate motivation, and focuses on circular, recursive patterns in a family that lead to mutual benefit and interpersonal context” (p147). Another unique aspect about this theory is that it normalizes pathology. As I see it, this theory focuses on familial cultures, (i.e. shared meanings, beliefs, thoughts, symbols, and perspectives). Entering in the "family's symbolic world" (Metcalf, 2011, p. 148) is the goal here since change is conceived to result from the therapeutic process.
"(a) When obtaining informed consent to therapy as required in Standard 3.10, Informed Consent, psychologists inform clients/patients as early as is feasible in the therapeutic relationship about the nature and anticipated course of therapy, fees, involvement of third parties, and limits of con- dentiality and provide su cient opportunity for the client/ patient to ask questions and receive answers. (See also Stan- dards 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Con dentiality, and 6.04, Fees and Financial Arrangements.)" (Section 10.1)
>h6>Based on the work of Milton Erickson & Jay Haley, this pragmatic model is more focused on problem solving than insight (Metcalf, 2011). According to this theory, problems develop due to an unbalanced hierarchical structure and dysfunctional communication patterns. The therapist’s role is to observe these patterns in the family, and develop a strategy to address them. It is a directive therapy that isn’t as concerned with how one defines the problem as much as it is with the fact that you’re taking some sort of action to resolve things. Metcalf, (2011) states that family therapists should focus on "the purpose of the problem" (p. 272). Action is the key to change, not insight